Who may need ABA therapy?

Need ABA Therapy

A common misconception is that ABA-based interventions are only effective in children living with an autism spectrum disorder. While it is certainly effective in many of these situations, it is also an effective approach for people living with other difficulties. 

What is ABA therapy?

What is ABA Therapy?

Also known as applied behavior analysis, ABA therapy is a category of therapy that focuses on changing negative behaviors into positive interactions. This is most often done at the recommendation of a doctor such as a pediatrician, but it is possible to speak with a professional therapist in some states without a doctor-ordered assessment. ABA is designed to help address specific symptoms and is most commonly used with children living with autism, but it can also be used to help with other disorders, too. 

It is important to note that ABA therapy is not a one-size-fits-all approach. On the contrary, it is a field of science consisting of a variety of treatment recommendations and approaches. Some of the most common forms of ABA therapy include discrete trial training (DTT), the picture exchange communication system (PECS), modeling, and reinforcement systems.

Who exactly needs ABA therapy and what benefits does this treatment option offer? Let’s take a closer look at ABA programs and the strategies used within them to achieve goals and mitigate problem behaviors.

Who might need ABA therapy?

ABA therapy might be helpful for anyone in need of behavior change. While this typically refers to people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), ABA techniques can be helpful for any learners in need of developmental help. If someone is struggling to develop healthy social skills or communication skills, for example, ABA might support their efforts even if they are not diagnosed with ASD, specifically. ABA providers offer treatments for children and adults alike who need help reaching notable outcomes. In children, this commonly involves working with nonverbal children with limited (or no) speech to develop the ability to better interact with caregivers verbally. This gives children the chance to have meaningful conversations with family members, teachers, and therapists alike. ABA therapy is also helpful when it comes to regulating emotional responses. It offers a step-by-step approach to developing language skills through play and without the need for harsh punishments. Some of the non-ASD commonly treated disorders and injuries which benefit from ABA therapy include:
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Panic disorder
The goal of ABA therapy, regardless of the specific disorder or disability in question, is to build a foundation of effective coping mechanisms to better help patients face the challenges that life has for them. Learning skills designed to avoid tantrums and self-injury is imperative for many patients, too, with a history of such behavior. To keep this section as simple and concise as possible, we can sum up the benefits of ABA as follows:
  • Improved confidence in social settings
  • Better ability to understand the consequence of certain actions
  • Increased verbal communication skills
  • A happier family more comfortable with behavioral intervention
There are many reasons why ABA services are valued early in life as they enhance overall behavior outcomes, but a behavior analyst can help older individuals, too. With all of that in mind, let’s take a closer look at who benefits the most from ABA treatment methods.

ADHD

The ADHD community isn’t always mentioned when considering ABA therapy, but these learners can benefit greatly from the techniques used. By using reward systems designed to praise and reward children rather than punish them, ABA can help improve impulsivity, overactivity, and even focus in people with ADHD.

OCD

ABA is an incredibly effective technique to treat OCD. The right teacher can help students manage the recurring and unwanted thoughts that typically lead to compulsive behavior. Therapy sessions can ultimately give the OCD student the framework for a better response to these negative thoughts and, in turn, train them to respond more healthily. 

ODD

Oppositional defiant disorder refers to a mental health disorder most often found in children with symptoms like anger, arguing, irritability, vindictiveness, and defiance towards authority figures. Children living with ODD often find it difficult to respond appropriately to issues such as mild punishment to reinforce the consequences of their actions. ABA can help children with ODD by training them to regulate their anger and identify its root causes, as well as by helping them practice these skills in different environments. 

PTSD

ABA Therapy For Children w/ Autism

PTSD is a serious disorder with varying degrees of severity. A treatment plan including ABA therapy can sometimes help to manage serious symptoms. From heart palpitations to breathlessness, dizziness, stomach aches, or chest pain, ABA can help students deal with PTSD in various ways. While it is not a cure-all, consistent sessions of ABA therapy can lead to permanent changes.

Panic disorder

ABA therapy can address panic disorder by teaching learners different types of panic regulation skills. Behavioral activation is the most often utilized form of ABA therapy in these cases. This kind of program involves triggering fear, then interacting with the child (or other-age patient) to guide them through the anxiety.

Is ABA therapy the right choice for your treatment goals? The United States has many qualified doctors ready to help new clients. Start by asking your primary care provider for a recommendation, then expand your search to other local experts. You’ll find the right teacher in no time.

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